Every PC from the smallest home theater machine to the most gargantuan gaming rig generates heat during operation. Too much of it, though, and your hardware can fail.
Traditional air cooling uses fans to move hot air away from components like the CPU, resulting in cool temperatures and reliable performance. But fans aren’t as efficient as liquid coolers, which use water to conduct electricity through the loop and cool components down. Liquid cooling also offers a number of advantages over its air counterpart, including quieter operation and the ability to run more powerful processors safely at overclocking levels.
The simplest way to build a water cooled computer is with an all-in-one (AIO) system that includes a pump, reservoir, radiator and fan. This solution carries the lowest risk, costs the least and can be installed with the least effort. It is typically used in desktop computers. For advanced users, however, it’s possible to create a custom water cooling loop that’s more visually appealing and provides greater flexibility for temperature regulation.
The most important factor in a liquid-cooling system is the water itself, which should be distilled. This removes corrosive minerals and contaminants that can damage your equipment over time. It is also a safer choice than tap water because high electrical conductivity can interfere with the electricity inside your hardware. It’s also possible to add additives to the liquid to alter its properties, such as lowering the freezing point or surface tension, increasing its corrosion resistance or adding color. Pc cooling